Electric vehicles (EVs) are propelled by an electric motor and powered by rechargeable battery packs. Simply stated, electric vehicles are better vehicles, and offer a number of advantages over gasoline powered vehicles:
- Simplicity – Electric cars have 70% fewer moving parts than vehicles equipped with an internal combustion engine (ICE) – so there are fewer parts to repair or replace. There is no ignition, no gas tank, oil filter or catalytic converter, and brakes get used less often due to regenerative braking systems.
- Reliability – Because there are fewer parts, there’s less to go wrong with an electric vehicle. Additionally, there is relatively little to service and require less maintenance — as there are no oil changes or tune-ups. This helps to ensure an extended service life.
- Performance – Electric motors provide quiet, smooth operation with no vibration – so there’s no need for a muffler. Additionally, these vehicles offer stronger acceleration – and instant torque – with many sports coupes able to go from 0 to 60 in under 4 seconds. Plus, the use of regenerative breaking eliminates energy wasted when converting to heat from friction.
- Efficiency – Electric vehicles use less energy than gasoline vehicles. It is estimated that an electric car uses 1/3 of the energy required by a internal combustion engine. Additionally, electric drivetrains are able to convert more of the available energy into the force that propels the car – partially due to regenerative braking. This enables them to use less energy to go the same distance as compared to a gasoline-powered vehicle.
- Cost – Driving on electricity is less costly because driving on electricity is more efficient and electricity is less expensive than gasoline. Electric drives are three times more efficient than gas vehicles. According to some estimates, driving an EV or hybrid vehicle is ¼ to ½ the cost of driving gasoline-powered vehicle. (You can expect to go 100 miles on $3 of electricity.)
- Environmentally friendly – An electric car has no tailpipe because it has no emissions. Even though the power plant producing the electricity may emit pollutants, fewer emissions are produced overall. And as the economy turns to renewable energy, it is expected that emissions will continue to improve. Some non-greenhouse gas emitting electric generation include nuclear, hydro, solar and wind turbine.
- Reduced Energy Dependence – Electricity is a domestic energy source that reduces our dependence on foreign oil.
- Other Incentives – Federal tax credits are available up to $7,500 depending upon the battery. Additionally, more incentives to drive electric are available locally as well.
- Convenience — Both electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids bring the convenience of charging at home, typically overnight.